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 Romania's Jewish Heritage § Jewish Heritage Trail § Roman   versiunea romana        
Four centuries of living together

  • The blue sky of memories, when 6,000 Jews lived here… and the stars of the old Stetl. Today there are only 60 Jews left
  • Synagogues, Rabbis, guardians
  • Zionist newspapers. Journalist.Typographers. Libraries. Musicians, composers.
  • MAX (MARCEL) BLECHER (b. Botosani, 1909 - d. Roman, 1938)
  • RONETTI-ROMAN (b. 1853 - d. Iasi, 1908)
  • SUCHARD RIVENZON (b. 1890, Roman)
  • FILIP BRUNEA-FOX (FILIP BRAUNER - b. Roman, 1898 - d. Bucharest, 1977)
  • JEAN MIHAIL (Mihailovici) (1896-1963)
  • SAVIN BRATU (Barasch) (b. Roman, 1925 - d. Bucharest, 1977)
  • MICHAEL SOLOMON
  • RICHARD STEIN (1909-1992)
  • MIHAIL FLORESCU (b. 1912, Roman)
  • ZICMAN FEIDER (b. 1903, Roman - d. 1979, Iasi)
  • IOSEF FUX (b. Roman, 1913 - d. Tel Aviv, 1987)
  • MARCEL LOCAR (1902-1983)
  • SAMUEL MAURICE (b. 1895, Roman)
  • BENZIN HASCAL (b. 1910, Roman - d. 1982, Holon)
  • S. RIVAIN (b. 1896, Roman)
  • FILIP COHN (b. 1907, Roman - d. 1983, Kfar Hasidim)
  • Factories, Industrial and Commercial Firms
  • Schools, Teachers
  • Societies, Organizations
  • HARALAMB ZINCA (Hary Isac Zilberman) (b. 1923, Roman)
  • HERO LUPESCU
  • SOLO HAR-HERESCU (b. 1928, Roman)
  • ANDREI STRIHAN (b. 1924, Roman)
  • CAROL ISAC (b. 1929
  • BETTI ZILBERMAN-CARAGIALE
  • ANTOANETA RALIAN
  • SANDU STICLARU

  • The blue sky of memories, when 6,000 Jews lived here… and the stars of the old Stetl. Today there are only 60 Jews left

    Between 1859-1860, there were 3,288 Jews; in 1899 - 4,019, in 1930 - 5,925. A statistics situation, after a documentary included in the volume "The contribution to the culture and civilization of the Jews from Romania", it shows the "Activity of the Mosaic Cult in all over the country, between 1918-1943". Thus, "The Roman district office": in 1940 - 5,689 souls, 18 synagogues and two Rabbis, two cemeteries; in 1941 - 6,485 souls, 18 synagogues and two Rabbis, two cemeteries; in 1942 - 18 functional synagogues with two Rabbis (Isacsohn Salomon and Frenkel Mendel), five Hahams, two psalm readers and 16 clerics. There were about 7,000 Jews in Roman (including the Jews evacuated from the neighboring villages: Bozieni, Bara, Demienesti, Bacesti); in 1943 - 6,470 souls, 18 synagogues and 2 Rabbis, two cemeteries.

    Today, in Roman, there are only 30 families - respectively 60 Jews. The Jews settled in Roman - one of the first five biggest cities in Moldavia, from the point of view of population, as a place of confluence and product sales from the neighboring countries - in the 16th century, fact written in the Pincas of the "Sacra" Society and in the documents in the custody of "Iuliu Barasch" Society. In his "Cronica Evreilor din Tarile Romanesti" (Iasi, 1871), Iacob Psantir speaks of the presence of many funeral stones attesting the existence of Jews on these territories, but also of the trades preferred by Jews. In his monographic enterprise, "The Jewish community from Roman", Israel Laivandman ("Hasmonaea", 1935) said: "Only in the 1700s we can talk about the beginning in the organization of the Jewish community in Roman".

    With the publication of the Statute of the "Israelite Cult Community in Romania" (edited by "Leon Friedman" printing house), there are underlined the duties of the faithful to support the hospital, a primary school for boys and girls, by offering aid, food, wood and by maintaining the edifices. The Pincas written in 1810 also refers to offering financial support, without interest, "for the needy handymen".

    The documents attest the Jews succeeded in involving themselves in the economic and social-cultural life. Constantin Mavrocordat reports of a dispute between two tradesmen, and Prince Mihai Racovita - in his Charter written in 1709, printed by the bishop Melchisedec in "The Chronicle of Roman" - underlined the existence, after 1700, of Jewish tradesmen: "Christians, Armenians, or Jews" are present on the markets; but also, united in guilds, the tradesmen will play an important role. The tradesmen (shoemakers, tailors, carpenters, bakers, cab drivers, joiners, printers, house painters, coopers) were very "handy", especially the jewelers in silver. Historians, including N. Iorga and G. Zane, appreciated the skills of the Jewish craftsmen. In an article published in "Alianta Romaneasca" (1837), Constantin Negruzzi reported that in Roman you are received with "a chain of Jewish boutiques".

    A special period in the Jewish community life is circumscribed in those moments when the mayor of Roman (1865) was the father of Mrs. Viorica Agarici - the president of the local office of the Red Cross, who gave, in 1941, to the "Death Train" survivors, medical assistance, food and clothes. Marius Micu will write emotional pages about it in "What happened with the Jews in and from Romania" (vol. II). The mayor "officially intervened for the Jews to establish a Temple and a modern school…" - facts published in the Jewish press that at that time experienced a boom. The idea of emigration and colonization of the Holy Land was developing, but also the organization of the Zionist society and the creation of a Zionist media.

    The historian and the researcher Pincu Pascal, from Piatra Neamt, who's preparing a monograph, offered comprehensive data about Roman to us, and we would like to thank him for that. Really helpful for us were the data offered, with generosity, by the author Haralamb Zinca and by the president of Jewish Community from Roman, professor Iancu Wexler.

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  • Synagogues, Rabbis, guardians

    It is mentioned that, even in the 15th century, "there was a synagogue in Roman" named <>… situated were today stands the Central Synagogue" (according to Manes Leib). Rebuilt in 1703, the structure was destroyed by fire in 1830. A Hebrew Meghila (1572) reminds us of this synagogue, but also about the various myths related with its existence. It is also mentioned that the son of Stefan the Great - Prince Bogdan the Blind visited "the wood synagogue", donating money for the synagogue, from which a Torah has been bought, entitled "Bogdan Voivode's Torah" (according to the chronicle of Iosef Kaufman). And, according to the legends, Alexander the Good "asked the Jews living in Roman to pray to God for him to defeat his enemies. Triumphant, the king exonerated for three years the Jews from Roman of paying the due taxes" (Six centuries of living together. From the history of the Jewish communities in Romania). Little by little, a handicrafts-men council has been established (one of the presidents was Iosif Zilberman, father of author Haralamb Zinca; he took part in the war of completion; he was naturalized). Old Pinkasuri attests the existence of this synagogue, but also the associations (Poale Tzedek), which contributed in the building of some sacred edifices.

    In 1880, "in the whole district of Roman were 22 worship places". After 1825, have been built: synagogue "Beit Rishon Bethhamidrash"; on the place of the burnt wood synagogue, has been erected the synagogue existing today (1837); "Rabbi Lewi (1856); "Bait Hadash" - "Moshke" (1860); "The shoemakers' synagogue" (1870); "Alt-Neu Beth Hamidrash" (1876); "Michel Leizerovici" (1878); "Rintzler" synagogue (1880), "one of the few centenary synagogues, built from wood, which have survive till nowadays"; "Lipscani synagogue"; "Zalmina"; "Bais Seim"; "Bais Iaacov"; "Kalman Leizer"; "Branisteanu"; "Tailors' synagogue" ("Poale Tzedek", built in 1898). Today, the "Leibziger synagogue" is still open, where Herman Strul Ionina is celebrating (Fridays and Saturdays).

  • RELIGIOUS EDUCATION: Between 1870-1880, there had been some "20 Hedarim… a Talmud Torah… directed by Adolf Gross".
  • RABBIS, PSALM READERS: Iehuda Leib (deceased in 1747); Zvy Hirs; Rab Ithak ben Iehuda Leib; Froim Iosif Galant; David Beer; Solomon Isacsohn; Iacov Beris; Iancu Beres; Hascal Stam (psalm reader); Segal Copel; Menahem Mendel; Rubin Lipa; Herman Strul Ioina and so on.
  • GUARDIANS: Leiba (chief, 1790); Lupu Davidovici (1870-1880); Isaac Avram; Oisie Vigder; Iosef Weiss (1904); Iohan Zisu (1906-1907); Moise Stein; lawyer Avram Cremer (president in 1926 and 1936); Aba Avraham; Itic Sin Marcu; Marcu Margulius; M. Stein.

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  • Zionist newspapers. Journalists. Typographers. Libraries. Musicians, composers.

    Zionist newspapers:

  • 1890 - "Hatzofe"; "Hai Israel"
  • 1894 - the Yiddish language magazine "Der Volks Dolmedscher" is being published
  • 1900 - "Emigrantii Romanului"; "Strigat de disperare"; "Apelul femeilor evreice din Roman"; "Humantash" (in that year have left for the Holy Land 29 pedestrians, young Zionists)
  • 1904 - "Haor", in Hebrew language; "Der gragar"
  • 1920 - "Solidaritatea" (independent semi-official newspaper for defending the Jewish interests)
  • 1922 - "Jerusalem" (Zionist publication); "Buletinul Comisiei Centrale Sioniste in Romania".

    Journalists: F. Brunea-Fox; Moscovici Bercu; Somer Nathan; A. V. Nerson; Michel Solomon and so on.

    Typographers: Leon Friedman; Isidor Grinberg; M. Abramovici; Rivensohn Calman; L. Beram (the father had a printing house and a bookbindery. "Beram Bookshop" was the biggest of its kind in Roman) etc.

    Libraries: "Ronetti-Roman"; "Or Zion"; "Makaby".

    Musicians, composers: Richard Stein, Gina Saraga-Solomon, M. Kirilevici, Haim Herscu - violinist, former member of the Military Fanfare from Roman, etc.

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  • MAX (MARCEL) BLECHER (b. Botosani, 1909 - d. Roman, 1938)

    "Your wrap
    As a bird in the nest of your heart,
    In rivers of blood you bath
    And fly away through the tips
    Of my fingers…"

    Kept in the memory of the Botosani and Roman communities as "one of the first rank authors in the Romanian literature…" (F. Aderca) and "a vibrant and authentic Jewish personality" (Ury Benador). Ov. S. Crohmalniceanu spoke in his notes about the lucidity of Blecher's acceptance "of his statute as incurable ill". He was just 29 when he died, after living immobilized almost ten years, in a sanatorium. Volumes: "Corp transparent" (lyrics), "Intamplari din irealitatea imediata", Inimi cicatrizate, Vizuina luminata (1971) etc.

  • "…a unique writer… a remarkable stylist… he attracts and conquers with his sense of humor by which he intends to overcome the tragic side of his existence…" (Camil Baltazar).
  • "Rise to expression by the Romanian art, from that Jewish blood, cursed and abused for so long, M. Blecher is, for us, the Jews from Romania, a distinction, an escutcheon, a pleading" (Felix Aderca).
  • "<> is a book without correspondence in the Romanian literature. I would link it with Nadja, a book about magic and raving which will survive its author, Andre Breton" (Sasa Pana).

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  • RONETTI-ROMAN (b. 1853 - d. Iasi, 1908)

    He settled in Roman. He made his debut in the Romanian literature with the satire "Domnul Kanitverstan". In 1878, at "Szollosy" publishing house, the poem "Radu" it is published.

    He takes part in the literary club set by the critic Titu Maiorescu, where he became friend of I. L. Caragiale and M. Eminescu. In 1900, his drama in four acts, "Manasse", has being published (has been translated in Yiddish by Iacob Sternberg). In 1893, the volume "Doua masuri" (articles related to the Jewish problem; see R.E. no. 119/2000) hits the stands.

    In 1905, he receives the "Bene Merenti" decoration, first class, in gold, for literary merits.

  • "(Manasse) - one of the most noble works honoring the Romanian literature" (E. Lovinescu).
  • "(Manasse) - one of the most grandiose dramatic works in our literature, through its real and acute problem for that period, that the author debates with an impressive sincerity and scenic skills; the assimilation of Israelites in the Romanian society" (I. Negoitescu).

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  • SUCHARD RIVENZON (b. 1890, Roman)

    Professor and journalist (he made his debut in "Actualitatea" magazine).
    In Roman, he was schoolmaster at the Israelite-Romanian School (and pupil of this school between 1896-1900). He also studied at the Industrial School, and later he became director of this school in 1914.
    In 1934, he settled in the Capital. In 1940, he was appointed secretary-general of the Jewish Community in Bucharest.
    He is elected "Cetatea Alba senator", under the Argetoianu-Iorga regime. Out of his works, we mention "Ce este educatia?" (he was awarded a prize).
    Decorations: "Avantul tarii" (1913); "Crucea comemorativa" (1918); "Victoria" (1918); "Coroana Romaniei" (1922). He had a great contribution in the developing of Jewish schools with Romanian-language classes and with Romanian teachers.

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  • FILIP BRUNEA-FOX (FILIP BRAUNER - b. Roman, 1898 - d. Bucharest, 1977)

    He attended the primary school in Roman.
    Named, on merits, the "King of feature reports", he is considered "the first reporter of the legionary pogrom in Bucharest - 1941". "A reporter's eye is like the eye of a fly: a multiple eye" - he used to say.
    Volumes: "Cinci zile printre leprosi", "Orasul macelului" - subtitled "Jurnalul rebeliunilor si crimelor legionare" (1944); "Reportajele mele" (1928-1938) etc.
    On many occasions, the photographer I. Berman used to accompany, in his travels, this "hyperbolic reporter, having the world in his pockets" (St. Baciu).

  • "Brunea installed himself in journalism, with all his luggage as a vanguard poet, throwing in his reports pictures unused in those eminently non-literary texts…" (Al. Mirodan).
  • "… The Romanian press knight, without hooded cape and without the sword" (Stefan Roll).
  • "… On the reckoning day, we will see how much of the modern character of the press is due to Brunea-Fox" (Geo Bogza).

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  • JEAN MIHAIL (Mihailovici) (1896-1963)

    He was film director and writer. "Outstanding personality of the Romanian cinema, even from the pioneering period" (Manole Marcus). He attended the school in Roman, and studied in Bucharest the Music and Dramatic Arts Conservatory (class of maestro Nottara). His stage-managing debut was in 1924, with "Pacat", a screening after Caragiale. He was professor of stage-managing for I.A.T.C. "I.L. Caragiale" (1950-1952). He wrote: "Filmul romanesc de alta data". He made a film from the play "Manasse", by Ronetti Roman (1925); "Cerere in casatorie", by Cehov, etc.

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  • SAVIN BRATU (Barasch) (b. Roman, 1925 - d. Bucharest, 1977)

    He was a critic and literary historian. He was University assistant (department of Literature Theory). He was editor for the youth press, columnist at "Gazeta literara". Works: "Ipoteze si ipostaze"; "De la Sainte Beuve la noua critica"; "Ibraileanu - omul"; "Mihail Sadoveanu". "A literary production biography" (in cooperation with the critic and literary historian Zoe Dumitrescu Busulenga); "Ion Creanga", etc.

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  • MICHAEL SOLOMON

    "I was born in Galati, important port on the river Danube. My parents… and I spent the most part of my childhood, including the first years of study, in the little Moldavian town of Roman…" Here he started a revue, with some political couplets. He attended law classes. But he preferred the journalism, being the London correspondent for a Bucharest newspaper. He joined the British army.

    In 1948, on the return to Romania, he is arrested - "for the crime of spying against Soviet Union for Great Britain's benefit". Released, after 17 years of prison, he left for Canada. Aspects of that period are mentioned in his autobiographic volume "Magadan". Another work of his - "Tragedia de pe Struma" - is a cry of revolt and pain for the killing of 769 Jews.

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  • RICHARD STEIN (1909-1992)

    Composer, "authentic creator… he marked his name in the golden book of the Romanian light music" (L. Profeta). He studied in Bucharest and Paris. He is well known for the songs: "Sanie cu zurgalai" (1937); "Flori de camp"; "Ti-am luat un martisor" etc. In 1924, he was appointed music professor at the "Joint Jewish Theoretic Lyceum". He participated in the committee of the "Macaby" Association, of the Zionist section named "Or Zion".

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  • MIHAIL FLORESCU (b. 1912, Roman)

    He was a chemist, member of the Romanian Academy. After 1944, he was university professor, deputy minister of the Ministry for Metallurgic Industry and minister of the Ministry for Chemical Industry, Oil and Chemistry, vice-president of C.N.S.T. Works: "Industria chimica si petrolifera in Romania"; "Economia mondiala, orizont 2000"; "Cibernetica, automatica and informatica in industria chimica"; "Dimensiunile cugetarii" etc.

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  • ZICMAN FEIDER (b. 1903, Roman - d. 1979, Iasi)

    He was lecturer at the Department for the Zoology of vertebrates and then university professor in Iasi. "The promoter of the terrestrial accarology and builder of a valuable international school, he realizes the taxonomic and systematic study of many groups…" of fauna (Dr. Prof. Andy Z. Lehrer). The crowning of his work are his three volumes (monographs) in the "Fauna" Collection of the Romanian Academy; "Curs de zoologia vertebratelor" etc.

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  • OSEF FUX (b. Roman, 1913 - d. Tel Aviv, 1987)

    Surgeon (orthopedist), he was collaborator of Professor I. Juvara. In 1962, he lefts for Israel. He published a number of articles and books directly related with the old history of the Holy Land and with the kings' period. Works: "Mose"; "Profetii"; "Saul, David, Slomo, regi ai Israelului"; "Patriarhii", etc.

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  • MARCEL LOCAR (1902-1983)

    Works: "Istoria clasicismului in arhitectura Tarii Romanesti"; "Evolutia constructiei de locuinte in Romania". Between 1949-1969, he was professor at the "Ion Mincu" Institute of Architecture and representative in the UN housing committee.

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  • SAMUEL MAURICE (b. 1895, Roman)

    He was a writer and a Zionist leader. In 1914, he is in New York, where some of his works are published: "Outsider" and "What ever Gods". The press of that time wrote: "This Romania-born writer brings us in the pages of his books not only the rustic nature of his country… but also a virulent sarcasm…" In 1928, he accompanied Weitzman in his trip in Europe. In 1933, he visited Palestine.

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  • BENZIN HASCAL (b. 1910, Roman - d. 1982, Holon)

    Doctor, a taught lampooner - "ready, in every minute, day or night, to launch himself against any anti-Semitic barricade" (Al. Mirodan), compared, sometimes, with I. Ludo. Works: "Cu morile de vant" (1977, Tel Aviv) etc.

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  • S. RIVAIN (b. 1896, Roman)

    (Saim H. Rivensohn) - "promoter of Romanian literature abroad". Translator into French from Rebreanu, Caragiale, Cezar Petrescu, Gala Galaction, Eliade etc. He contributed to "Adevarul literar", "Rampa", "Adam", "Adevarul" etc.

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  • FILIP COHN (b. 1907, Roman - d. 1983, Kfar Hasidim)

    He was fiction writer, typographer, and journalist. In 1961, he made Alia. In his novels, he evokes the history of the concentration camps - "Furtuna" (Miercurea Ciuc camp); "Ancheta" (Tg. Jiu camp); "Baricada" (Vapniarca camp); "Intalnirea" etc.

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  • Factories, Industrial and Commercial Firms

  • Leather and sole "Zimbru" (Grunberg brothers)
  • Knit-goods - Marcovici
  • 1824 - Roman sugar factory (of national importance, co-proprietor Straucher)
  • "Luceafarul" soap factory (Aron Margulius)
  • S.A. Podagricol
  • Candies and jam factory
  • "Vulturul" wire factory
  • "Leul" mould items and plate factory
  • Lazar Blecher terra-cotta factory (owned by the father of the great writer Blecher)
  • E. F. Rohrlich's mill (1918).

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  • Schools, Teachers

    "Only good things have been said about the school in Roman" (Avram Suchar). From 1865, the mayor supported and encouraged the development of the modern Jewish education: "Create a plan for a synagogue building and for a school…"

  • 1817 - the first Jewish community school has been built in Roman - Talmud Torah (Hebrew-language schoolmaster - Mozes Schwartz)
  • In 1836, there were ten Melameds.
  • After 1850, have been established modern schools, and the one in Roman (approved in 1866) was considered "one of the oldest in the country"
  • In 1866, a number of eminent Jews pleaded for the building of a modern school and a synagogue, and they have been supported by the Roman mayor of that period.
  • 1868 - V. Gh. Mortun has appreciated "Romanian Israelite School" (with 60 students): "Your initiative and steadfastness in carrying out the your task deserves the praise of good people..."
  • 1893-1933 - "The Israelite-Romanian primary school" has been founded ("under the patronage of the Israelite Community and supported with funds by this Community"; Some of its headmasters: N. Bellu, I. Goldenthal, Naum Paraschiv, Suchard Rivenzon, etc), "a superior primary school".
  • 1928 - "Gan Ieladim" kindergarten has been founded (school teachers: Tony Avram and Rasela Rivensohn, Lola Rotenberg)
  • Between 1942-1944, the following schools had been open: "The School for Boys" (headmasters Camille Beer and lawyer Meir Iosub) and "The School for Girls" (headmaster Fanny Horovitz); "The mixed theoretical lyceum" (a former gymnasium, headmaster Zicman Feider)
  • In 1940 - there were 582 students and 27 teachers; in 1941 - 627 students and 42 teachers, and in 1943 - 659 students and 44 teachers (according to "The Romanian Jews' Contribution to culture and civilization").

  • Teachers: Alfred Ravici; Zeilig Sor; Defrin Israel; M. Schwartz; Cardas; Moise Steinholtz; Samuel Lamm; Moise Landmann; Vulcu Cucu; S. Feier; Itic Orenstein; A. S. Rappaport (professor and publicist, he held Hebrew classes); M. Stein; Matias Rabiner; M. Valter; Elias Feldstein; Bella Yohan; I. Suchard Rivenzohn; Iosef Neulicht (headmaster between 1909-1916); Avram Sucher (teacher, with a wide Judaic culture) etc.

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  • Societies, Organizations

  • Societies and Associations, Zionist Organizations and subsidiares:

  • "Chowewe Zion" (1893)
  • "Adolphe Cremieux" (1902, president, lawyer L. Honic)
  • 1920 - "Achuz" (immigration society); "H. Rosenbaum" (with 55 members, president Moses Schweizer)
  • "B'nei Sion-Cremieux" (1899)
  • "Or Zion" (1915)
  • "Avoda" (1927)
  • 1928 - "Hasomer Hatair"; "Ahavat Zion"; "Achuza" Society. Noel Bring - Zionist philanthropist.

  • Societies belonging to some central organizations and to Israelite craftsmen and women, to young people and students

  • Before 1800 - "Bicur Holim" (for sick people)
  • "Hevra Kedosa"
  • "Hevra sel Menorath Hamaor" (1782)
  • "Ghemilath Chasidim" (loan society)
  • "Achavas Achim"
  • "Speranta"
  • "Viitorul"
  • "Fraterna"
  • "Fraternitatea"
  • "Ajutor si indrumare"
  • "Concordia" (1882)
  • "Macaby"
  • "Uniunea evreilor pamanteni"
  • "Uniunea evreilor romani"
  • "Asociatia generala a evreilor pamanteni" etc.
    There were also an asylum and a canteen for poor people. During the war (after 1941), the Roman Community offered shelter to the Jews who sought refuge from the villages and cities of Poland, giving them food at the canteen supported by the community. Also, the Transdniester children were sheltered here for some time, until they made Alia. Iulius Schiffer organized, after the war, a school canteen.

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  • HARALAMB ZINCA (Hary Isac Zilberman) (b. 1923, Roman)

    He is author of detective novels and documentary books, such as: "Si a fost ora H"; "Ultima noapte de razboi, prima zi de pace"; "Fiecare om cu clepsidra lui". This year (2000) - due to "Fundatia PRO" Publishing House - a new documentary book was published: "Noiembrie insangerat". From the author's confessions we find out that "not being yet 22 years old, he was one of those Romanian Jews who fought in the World War II…" He has received two prizes from the Writers Association in Bucharest.

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  • HERO LUPESCU

    The son of the well-known cantor Avram Wolfsohn, from the Great Synagogue, he was born in the year 1925. He was the eminent director at the National Opera, with more then 170 shows. His most recent success was with "Nabucco", at the Bucharest Opera.
    He has numerous rewards, such as: "The <> award of the musical critic". In 1989, the king Hussein of Morocco offers him the "Legion of Honor" distinction. And the stage-managing of the opening performance to the Spain Olympiad brings him the Olympic reward "The Silver Collar".

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  • SOLO HAR-HERESCU (b. 1928, Roman)

    "When the trees are left leaf-stripped, / the clouds take over the sky and, / without warning, / burst out to wash their nakedness. / The trees become bright and indecent, / I enter a vegetal state/ and listen to the roots whispering. (Solo Har-Herescu)

    He graduated the Military Academy' Faculty of Social Sciences, in Bucharest. In 1965, he makes Alia. He was publishing verse volumes: "Pe-o inaltime de suflet"; "Constelatia parantezelor"; "Lant de ganduri"; "Poate"; "Surasul tacerii". Some volumes have been translated into Hebrew: "Mana in ceata"; "Si pasarile mor"; "Poezii". Interview books: "Generatia de sacrificiu" (1981) and "Generatia confruntarilor" (1994) - imagined as dialogues - present opinions expressed by Jewish personalities, artists and people of culture… all coming from Romania. Rewards: "Simshon Brickman" - Jerusalem; "Nathalia Costin" - Tel Aviv; "Sara si Haim Ianculovici" - Haifa; The "Zion" Reward from the Writers Association. Today, he is the deputy director of the Museum of Theatre in Tel Aviv.

  • "His inner universe becomes the subject for the poet's investigations, the measure of things, the substance of a personal vision about the world. For the poet, the space and time, infinite and motion, life and death have significance only when they appear as an assimilated reality, completely submissive to his personality. Because the poet's reality is the hunger for spaces…" (Andrei Strihan).

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  • ANDREI STRIHAN (b. 1924, Roman)

  • "For a long time, the esthetics represented for me a refuge, unaltered by daily prejudices and conflicts. I was charmed by the poetry of the Plato esthetics, the Socratic truth searching, I envied the clarity of the demonstration and the idea dialectic from the esthetic lectures of Hegel… Esthetics became a way of existence, the reason of being, when the ideals, to which I gave the enthusiasm and passion of my youth, didn't turn out to be what I imagined…" (Andrei Strihan).

    He was theater critic, doctor in philosophy - esthetics specialist - at the University of Bucharest. He was also professor at the "I. L. Caragiale" Theatrical Drama Institute in Bucharest. In 1977, he made Alia. He is professor at the University of Tel Aviv, Faculty of Arts. He is a member in the Association of Romanian-language Israeli Writers. He is also member of the International Federation of Theatre.
    Works: "O aventura estetica cu Teodor Mazilu"; "Contururi scenice", etc. In Israel, he published "La pouvoir du comique" (1979).

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  • CAROL ISAC (b. 1929)

    He graduated the Faculty of Philology in Iasi. He was literary secretary at the "Bacovia" Theatre in Bacau. He contributed with articles to the "Revista Cultului Mozaic". He made Alia. In Israel, he was received in the Association of Romanian-language Israeli Writers. He contributes to Romanian-language Israeli magazines. His wife, born in Roman, in the Meninger family, was a biology professor in Bacau.

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  • BETTI ZILBERMAN-CARAGIALE

    Journalist, she graduated the Faculty of Letters and Philosophy in Bucharest. Present, in the pages of Bucharest newspapers, with studies regarding the literature for children, but not only. Until 1990, when she made Alia, she was an active presence in the editorial staff of the "Revista Cultului Mozaic". She was editor-in-chief of the "Ion Creanga" publishing house. Today, she contributes to various Romanian-language publications in Israel.

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  • ANTOANETA RALIAN

    Publicist, she was a remarkable English-language translator.

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  • SANDU STICLARU

    A well-known actor, he performed on the "Nottara" theatre stage and appeared in a number of Romanian films. He charmed with his art all the generations of the last 50 years. Not once, he was present in our Purim performances, with pages filled with humor. We will always applaud him with the same joy as ever.

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    We find out, from the reports of Mr. Iancu Wexler, the community President, that at the Museum of the Roman District (director Vasile Ursachi and museographer Iulia Butnaru) was organized, in 1999, a Symposium with a Jewish thematic and a documentary exhibition with objects of cult and publications. Students from Roman visited the Museum. As part of the inter-ethnic cooperation, in the Museum' project there is another broad event, which will take place at the end of October, 2000, with a Judaic thematic, with guests coming from Bucharest (Mr. Virgil Petrovici, professor at the Theatre and Cinematography Institute, with the theme "Jewish actors in Romania") and from Iasi (dr. Silviu Sanie).

    We are coming to an end regarding the cycle of mini-monographs - approximately ten from the Moldavian zone -, and we intend to present, with the help of local communities, the communities from Transylvania. We hope that, in this step, we will receive the support of all our co-religionists who have data, monographic elements that can be helpful for us; in a compressed approach - essential information.

    We specify that, this time again, that the space allocated in our magazine didn't and doesn't allow us to resort to an in extenso approach.
    Pages edited by EVELIN FONEA

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