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Those Jews from Barlad who overcome oblivion

  • Those Jews from Barlad who overcome oblivion
  • Today, Barlad
  • Professions done with competence, passion an prestige
  • Presidents of the community
  • Secretaries
  • Synagogues
  • Societies, Associaions, Prayer Houses
  • BERNAT USER
  • MEIER CAUFMAN
  • AIZIC TAUBES
  • Over 260 years from the first documentary attestation of the community…
  • Schools, teaching staff: lyceum and university teachers
  • The Jews from Barlad - a zionist outpost
  • Mass media
  • Culture, art, sport
  • A. AXELRAD (1879-1963)
  • FELIX ADERCA (1891-1962)
  • I. SCHECHTER
  • Radu Nichita Rapaport
  • VIRGIL DUDA (Leibovici Rubin)
  • LUCIAN RAICU (Leibovici Bernard)
  • MIRCEA GORUN (Marcu Grunberg)
  • I. M. STEFAN (Sragher Alexandru Sergiu)
  • MARCEL SARAGEA (1914-1998)
  • IULIA DELEANU

    Those Jews from Barlad who overcome oblivion

    Dear readers, take these two pages published in the edition dedicated to the New Judaic Year 5760 as a modest gift offered in honor of a Jewish community who walked a few centuries to remain inscribed in the book of life.
    Forgive us the inherent overlooking, in a space so severely limited. It's up to Barlad inhabitants - who really helped us in the writing of these pages - to make them complete, in our magazine, and we invite them to do so as a veritable association of friends.

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    Today, Barlad

    We continue the series of mini-monographs about the Romanian Jewish communities once powerful, thinned out by time, the vicissitudes of history, but designed to become eternal though values and memory. We want to thank the president of the community, Mr. Bernat User, who offered us a wide documentary material, including the study "Din trecutul comunitatii evreiesti din Barlad", written by Traian Nicola.

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    Professions done with competence, passion an prestige

    Tenacious, smart, creative - virtues acknowledged even by their enemies -, the Jews proved themselves in Barlad or, starting from here, in many other parts, in the most diverse jobs, their vocation never focusing exclusively on usury and trade (as even today there are people to insinuate this), but also with medicine, economics, advocacy, teaching, engineering, military, literature and arts, and apparently humble crafts… All these represent what we may call "the cult for work", realized with competence, passion and prestige. The following will prove all these, shedding the light on Barlad as a city of culture and creativity, a nursery for values.

    Academics and correspondent members of the Academy

  • Acad. Martin Bercovici, specialized in energetic, Acad. Barbu Zaharescu (Bercu Zukerman), specialized in social sciences, Professor. Dr. Marcel Saragea, honorary member of the Academy for Medical Sciences, Professor Dr. Miron Segall, the Academy for Medical Sciences, Professor Dr. Paul Pruteanu (Pincu Solomonovici).

    Medics

  • Simon Herscovici, radiologist, Burah Secter, internist, Oisica User, internist, Alexandru Zissu, specialist in phthisis, Simha Zissu, pediatrician, Mendel Barbalata, gynecologist, Marcel Wainfeld, Iacob Wainfeld, dentist, Ernest Smilovici Husanu, surgeon, Dr. Herman Finchelstein, internist, Herman Fridman, founder of the first ambulance service in Braila, Isac Fainsilber, internist, Benedict Rabinovici, internist, Iacob Ghisner, Sohensal, ex-director of the Jewish Hospital in Barlad, Kremnitzer (ex - director of the Jewish Hospital), Dorel Grimberg, Adriana Stumer, dentist, Simon Saicovschi, Puiu Saicovschi, Dr. Fridman, who also left us works as "Cuvinte epigramatice. Flori cu ghimpi".
    "It is worth mentioning the name of Dr. Wainfeld - said Mircea Gorun. He was a dentist. In his youth, he wrote poetry, under the name Ion Paloda. Then the legionary members came, and the war, and with that the racial laws started to be implemented. The laws were both material and moral. All the Jews have to clean the snow on the streets! Then Mr. Wainfeld appears, in a white coat, with the order "Crown of Romania" he received in the Great War. Not for long, in that day, some lawyers and doctors - Jews and non-Jews - came with their shovels, working shoulder by shoulder with Mr. Wainfeld. What a scandal! The intellectuals were sent home and spared from cleaning the streets. And then, they understood they can still do something".

    Pharmacists

  • Paula Goldstain, Smil Smilovici, Adela Smilovici, Leon Binim, Ezra Bergman, Aurel Bucureanu, Paulina Cohn, Hari Goldstein, Smil Goldstein, Simon Goldstein, Marcel Aron, Dorina Kahan, Aron Aronovici, Isac Aron, Binca Finchelstain, Valeria Rozenberg, Beca Moscovici, Silvia Vainstain, Emil Saim, Herman Perlmuter, Mircea Perlmuter, Leon Sarf, Isac Secter Sendrea, Carola Secter Sendrea, Ana Goldstein, Isac Leibovici, Emil Marcus and his brother, died on the "Struma" boat, Iacob Finchelman, Herman Zissu, Dan Rozenblat, Mircea Vainraub, Max Frenchel, Ilie Rozenberg, Emil Deleanu (Goldstein) - ex-director of "Centrofarm" Barlad.

    Lawyers

  • Emil Vainer Naianu, Ana Cohn, Leon Iacobzon, Jac Lamm, Natan Leibovici, Ionas Silvian Leibovici, Dorel Isidor Leibovici, Dorel Grosman Edelstein, Clara Rabinovici Lupu.
  • Ita Rosner - in present days, juridical councilor with F.C.E.R., born in Braila. She was a prosecutor in Bucharest. On any conditions - she tells us - "I never felt ashamed with our ethnicity and traditions".
  • Liviu Cohn-Colin - today he is 95, he was chief councilor to the Juridical Office within the Ministry of Commerce, he is remembering his native lands, the Barlad climate of his childhood, the moments he lived with his nephew, the writer Vladimir Colin.

    Generals and officers

  • Gen. Eugen M. Bantea (Genu Baier); Col. Dr. Isac Weinfeld - rewarded with the order "The Crown of Romania" in chevalier degree; Col. Dr. Avram Zissu; Col. Dr. Ernest Vainer; Col. Dr. Daniel Veisman; Col. Dr. Artur Goldstein; Col. Dr. Herscu Saim; Col. Dr. Manole Solomon; Lt. Col. Haim Vainer; Major Dr. Iancu Graur; Major Dr. Leon Aron; Captain Dr. Aron Tudic; Captain Dr. Smil Naftalis; Captain Dr. Bercu Goldemberg; Captain Dr. Zigmund Brill; Captain Dr. Hari Kaner; Captain Dr. Smil Valdman; Captain Dr. Nicore Kaufman; Captain Dr. Mendel Barbalata.

    Engineers, economists

  • Edith Caufman Croitoru, Tedi Croitoru, Lazar Croitoru, Ovidiu Croitoru, Sebastian Grimberg, Sebi Staimberg, Lozinel Caufman, Herbert Saim, Artur Segal, Isac Cahane Leon Cahane, Iuju Moscovici, Zeilic Grimberg (Gorun), Iosif Bercovici, Ficu Bercovici, Iuli Hainish, Alis Halpern, Adi Fridman, Isac Marcovici, Froim Moise, Marcu Roder, Beno Glasberg, Izu Grosman, Leon Zisman, Jac Saraga, Raul Secter Sendrea, Marcu Moscovici, Dorel Oprescu.
  • Industrial enterprises founded by Jews in Barlad: Zeilig-Saraga mill and sons; Unirea mill - I. Edelstein; Knitwear factory - Adolf Cahane; Wadding factory - Glasberg, and various others production facilities and shops; Iancu Rosenstein and Max Rosner - bakers.

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    Presidents of the community

    From 1896 and until today, the community exists continuously, with the following presidents: 1896-1898 - S. Cremnitzer; 1899-1901 - M. Herscovici; 1902 - I. M. Sternlicht; 1905 - Dr. Schonsal; 1906 - I. Perlman; 1907 - L. Zissu; 1908 - Simon Cohn; 1909-1910 - M. Fraenkel, 1911-1912 - M. Roder; 1913-1916 - A. Broder; 1917-1919, 1923-1924 - H. Kamiel; 1919-1920 - Dr. Fridman; 1921-1923, 1930-1931 - Dr. Feinsilber; 1925 - I. M. Ilie; 1926-1929 - A. Iaroslavici; 1931-1932 - Marcu Zissu; 1932 - David Manole; 1933 - S. Mayersohn; 1933-1934 - I. H. Edelstein; 1934-1936 - Henry Grunberg; 1937 - Lawyer S. Fundoianu; 1939-1940 - Eng. I. Saraga; 1940 - Dr. S. Herscovici; 1941 - A. Tudic; 1944-1948 - Dr. H. Finkelstein; 1948-1955 - Mendel Goldstein; 1955-1965 - Misu Leibovici; 1965-1976 - Calman Bercovici; Lawyer Leon Iacobzon; 1976-1990 - Iosef Epstein; 1990-1992 - Professor Ditu Goldfarb; 1992 - Bernat User.

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    Secretaries

    Wolf Kohn; Iacob Cofler; Copel Goldenstain; Haim David; Iosif Epstein - who became president of the community, and was followed by Bernat User, Moise Fridman, Leon Aizic, Meier Caufman.

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    Synagogues

    "Templul - Cel - Mare" (founded in 1787); "Poalei Tedek" Temple - tailors (1844); Lazar Mendelovici was the guardian of the synagogue; between 1920 -1922, the synagogue was restored, modified and enhanced; "Fishermen Temple"; Stole Synagogue; Shoemakers Synagogue; Sole Makers Synagogue; "Rabin Liberman" Synagogue (dating back to 1860 - demolished); "Beit-Hamidras" Synagogue; "Alesker-Ruf" Synagogue; Officers Synagogue; The Synagogue within the Jewish Hospital; The Synagogue "Zeilic-Saraga Mill".

  • At least 15 Rabbis, numerous Efors and Hahams served the religious life of the community with devotion and piousness. Their names could be remembered, together with other names in different communities, in a comprehensive documentary approach. From the clerics of the Jews in Barlad, we mention the exceptional Rabbi Aizic Taubes, along others such Moise Rabinovici, Herman Brener, Iancu Rocach and so many others, as Isac M. Eigeles, president of the Gaster Temple committee, or Lazar Mendelovici, guardian of the Tailors' Synagogue - all of them entered for ever in the history of the Jews in Barlad.

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    Societies, Associaions, Prayer Houses

    • 1878, June 10. The Israelite Commercial Society for Charity "Aurora" was established, President H. Schwartz: "… in this day the rays of humanity reached to our hearts, in this day we started to work for humanity, for the poor classes and for progress… «union, fraternity, humanity and progress»…" (1879) •1889, March 2. In Barlad, was established the reservist society "Ostasul", that helped the reservists who were sent on the battlefield. • 1896, January 5. The establishment of cultural society for immigration "B'nai Zion" has been announced. • 1898-1899. A modern hospital has been built, the opening ceremony being officiated by Rabbi Dr. Meer Beck (1845-1923).• The Israelite hospital has been built in 1898. • 1899. It is established the "Cultura" society, in order to create a school for girls ("Baroneasa de Hirsch"). • 1891. It is established a section of "Asociatia evreilor pamanteni". • The "Bikur Choilem" society, offering maintenance assistance to the old hospital. • "Chevra Kedosa" Sacred Society. • 1902 - 1904. The "Asylum for old and disabled people" has been built (30 places). Lazar Mendelovici, Iacob Zaidman, Herman Grunberg and Mayer Solomon made the proposal. Here have been built two ovens for producing matot. • The cemetery was parceled out, built between 1845-1850 and inaugurated in 1899. Tombstones - rosettes with eight petals meaning life, the sun, the crowns (Ketar), vine motifs, palm branch etc - symbols of life. Here were placed the graves of the Jewish heroes who died in the 1914-1918 war. A special monument where "are buried the sacred rolls desecrated in synagogues by fascists… brought from Basarabia". • 1879. In "Typographia «Bassarabia» lui George Catzafany" has been published the Annual review of the Israelite Commercial Society for Charity «Aurora» in Berlad", signed by President H. Schwartz. • 1934 - has been established the community canteen, offering one meal a day for the students (60). From 1940, there were two meals a day for poor people. The canteen is still functioning.

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    BERNAT USER

    Born on November 10, 1927, in Barlad. Here he attended the Israelite-Romanian primary school and his following studies. His parents - his father was a waiter, his mother was a tailor. As a craftsman, he worked within the cooperative. He has a boy, teacher in Galati. He is still the president of the community (from November 15, 1992). Asking him to cooperate with us in writing these pages, we appreciated his devotion and his wish to perpetuate in the collective memory the history of his community. In his work with the community, Meier Caufman, secretary, and Mrs. Rebeca Caufman, accountant closely attend him.

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    MEIER CAUFMAN

    B. 1923, in Husi (Falciu County). Today, he is the secretary of the Jewish community in Barlad. With devotion, he takes care - together with the president of the community - of the problems regarding the canteen, assistance, edifices, synagogue, cemeteries and aid.

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    AIZIC TAUBES

    The modern Rabbi Aizic Taubes (1837 - 1920) was a renowned Talmud specialist, attended by European Rabbis, descendent of "a historic family, whose genealogical tree it is said to go back to the renowned Rasi…" (C. Drimer), Rabbi in Barlad for over three decades. He was much esteemed by Anton Bacalbasa who, in 1897, published in the "Dreptatea" newspaper the interview titled "At Rabbi Taubes". "Still young, he received the burden of being a Rabbi in Barlad and in Tutova County, being confirmed in this position thorough Royal Decree, in 1862 by Cuza Voda" (C. Drimer) . A fine specialist in Hebrew language and literature, he also translated in Hebrew "Cantul gintei latine" by Vasile Alecsandri. In 1891, he published "Is the Jew a danger for the nation where he lives?", a replica to N. Ceaur Aslan and his anti-Semitic propaganda. Together with B.F. Peixotto, he propagated the idea of immigration. In 1872, he took part to the Israelite Congress in Brussels, to "deliberate about the Romanian Jews problems", being invited by Cremieux.

    "… Rabbi Taubes made a profound impression on me, as a biblical savant" (A. Bacalbasa) .

    "In the book of Rabbis in this country, the name of Rabbi Aizic Taubes will remain" (M. Schwarzfeld) .

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    Over 260 years from the first documentary attestation of the community…

    The oldness of our community - "the case of Barlad" is not an exception, but will remain a bright example - has no connection with the legends and rumours, but with the clear truth of the documents. Of course, not from the effective start of their presence in these places, but still with many years ahead in the history. And what other confirmation more convincing would ever need the Jews of Barlad, proud of their community full of the noblesse of its oldness, than the one of the great historian Nicolae Iorga, who in the 6th volume of his "Studies and documents" wrote that, in 1738, in Barlad, "Marcu of Lazar is named chief to take care of all the needs and of all your shacks and for him to be, together with two or three others elected by you". The attestation - bearing the seal of the Moldavian prince, Grigore Ghica - is mentioned again by the famous «Enciclopedia Iudaica». From the document we find out that in Barlad existed a community quantitatively present and qualitatively structured, capable of electing its leadership and, obviously, even older - maybe three centuries old.

    … And the testimonies are succeeding with the certitude of indisputable facts.

  • In 1772, in "Jurnal de calatorie de la Constantinopol pana in Polonia…", Joseph Boscowich, on a short stop to Barlad, noticed the good houses of the Jews, "adorned with glass windows". "Such Jews are numerous" who "dress like in Poland, in long, black cloths, with leather or fabric caps similar with those from which our cloths are made in Italy".
  • In 1814, 1816 and so on, the official documents offer the guild in Barlad a piece of land "near the Jewish school", certify "a testimony regarding the boundaries" in favor of the Jews, confirm the establishment of the Jewish hospital (1898), at the inauguration if the new building taking part, some time later, representatives of the Royal House and authorities.
  • In 1921, the community became moral and juridical person, following the vote of the authorities and the royal high decree no. 4371.
  • In 1931, the local Jewish schools receive the right to make publicity.
  • In 1941, in a hard time, it is established the community dispensary with two doctors. Impressive and dramatic was the demographic decrease of this community: from 3,737 in 1930 (14.2% of the whole population) and 3,224 in 1942 (13%), the statistics mentions only 100 families in 1969. And today there are only 34 souls left! A small-numbered community, but great in traditions, in its power - still alive - of spiritual irradiation, through its diverse personalities who - ranging from Axelrad and to our contemporaries Lucian Raicu, W. Siegfried, Virgil Duda or I. Schechter - placed this community on the map of well-known values of civilization and culture! So not only chief Marcu of Lazar fought the oblivion, but also his descendants in their thousands - some of them still keeping burning in Barlad a Jewish fire, others taking with them in the world something from the spirituality of those who once lived in this Moldavian town. The Barlad community received rightly the historic perennially diploma. Those pages try to mark the accomplishments and dreams in the memory of the whole ethnic group and in the memory of the country.

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    Schools, teaching staff: lyceum and university teachers

  • 1873. "Through the effort of the Zion Lodge" the first school opened, with three classes and 90 pupils. Between 1874-1875, the school had four classes and 128 pupils.
  • 1876. The school would close his gates for seven years, from lack of funds.
  • 1882. The school reopens, for three years, leaded by I. Ch. Korn, with 250 pupils in three primaries and one elementary class.
  • For the first time in Barlad, it was inaugurated a two-hour "evening class"; the school was closed in 1885.
  • 1896-1897. The Israelite school for girls "Baroneasa de Hirsch", with 70 pupils; in 1916, the school would be named "Leizer and Ghisela Kaufman". The honorary director, Dr. Albert Flachs, born in Galati - attended the elementary school in Barlad. He translated in German from the Romanian poetry.
  • 1900 -1901. On this period there were three classes, with 160 students. Dr. Friedman was the head of a committee. 1906. From the organizing commission for the "Congress of the teaching staff of the Israelite schools in the country", which had to take place in Braila, between April 23-24, the representative of Barlad was Mr. L. Rabinovici.
  • 1923. The school passes under the leadership of the community, with classes in Romanian and Hebrew language.
  • 1931. The school received the right to make publicity.
  • 1936. The mixed school is opened - by merging the Israelite-Romanian school for boys with the Israelite - Romanian school for girls.
  • After 1941, when the Jewish pupils were denied access in the public schools, a mixed Jewish lyceum was established, functioning until 1943, with seven teachers.

  • Teachers in the Israelite-Romanian schools in Barlad (after 1930 - selectively, for lack of data): 1936 - Leivi Segall; 1928 -1948 - Henri Goldsfarb; 1924-1948 - Aron Rubin; 1930 -1944 - Fisel Ghetel; 1935 -1940 - Avram Stitman; 1920 -1940 - Feiga David; 1934 -1940 - Reghina Honig; 1940 -1948 - Beca Smilovici; 1943 -1948 - Avram Smil; 1940 -1944 - Leon Iacobzon; 1938 -1940 - Avram Leiba.

  • University teachers: I. Barbalat (mathematics); Buca Barbalat (mathematics); Bebi Herscovici (mathematics); Nicu Tailer (mathematics); Lica Rahbuh (agronomist); Naftule Perl (technical sciences); Avram Rozen (economics).

  • Lyceum teachers: Heinric Taler (German and Latin); Hari Zuperman (Romanian), Haim David (mathematics), Martin Nacht (mathematics), Eva Rapaport (Romanian), Nina Dumbrava Sragher (Romanian), Iacob Aron (music), Marian Aron (mathematics), Natan Svemer (mathematics), Nehama Svemer (mathematics), Benedict Goldsfarb (French), Cecilia Glazberg (French), Margareta User (Romanian), Frida Vainfeld (mathematics), Roza Glasberg (Romanian), Marian User (mathematics), Nicoleta Croitoru (English), Toni Iosipescu (philology), Silvia Negoita (philology).

  • Professors - Jewish lyceum (it functioned until 1943-1944): Henric Taler - director; Haim David (mathematics); Hari Zuperman (Romanian); Aron Tudic (anatomy); B. Goldfarb (geography, history); L. Iacobzon (physics-chemistry).

    Ioan Barblat - He was born in Barlad, on January 20, 1907 (his father, Mendel Barbalata, was a gynecologist). He took his degree in mathematics in Sorbonne (1930), he was university professor at the Polytechnic Institute in Bucharest, participating at international congresses of mathematics, and he was doctor in mathematical sciences. He published "Curs de analiza"; "Culegere de probleme de matematica"; "Analiza matematica si matematici speciale" etc.

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    The Jews from Barlad - a zionist outpost

    There are many other Romanian towns that had early merits in Alia, be it directly or indirectly, through other countries and stop places. While Barlad is placed on this trend, it has a particularity which attests the unvanquished will, courage, noble stubbornness to win over the obstacles. It was - chronologically speaking - the first town from where the immigrants started to leave on foot. Winged by the verb of fire of some people from their own town, such as Axelrad or Dr. H. Fridman - Sigfrid, by the enthusiastic letter of no less than six newspapers in Barlad destined to the immigrants, they and other Jews from Romania entered the rows of pedestrians. This idea was born in a teahouse in Barlad, owned by Herman Sercus, who enlivened from the stage his co-religionists. In time, organizations and personalities passed by that, galvanizing the consciences, guided this impetus towards the Jews' golden dream: returning to their country, The Holy Land.

  • Zionist organizations: Uniunea Sionistilor Revizionisti (The Union of the Revisionist Zionists) - Betar; Hanoar Hationi - clal-Zionists; Hasomer Hatair, Gordonia.

  • Zionist leaders: Sapsa Gutermaher; Grisa Gutermaher; Michael Gutermaher (he died on "Struma" boat); Ozias Blanc; Zigu Avram; Juju Epstein (Iehuda Epstein); Ionas Leibovici; Benedict Goldsfarb etc.

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    Mass media

  • 1899 - "Aurora Tionista", weekly, there were edited only 16 editions. The founder was Sigismund Gross. The Barlad newspaper tends "to elevate the prestige of the Jewish people towards itself and towards the people with whom it lives" (S. Podoleanu, "Istoria presei evreiesti in Romania"). The Dreyfus trial occupied a special place in this newspaper. Here made his debut A. Axelrad with a poem titled "In sant" (1917), an appeal to the naturalization of the Jews. In the pages of this magazine was promoted the idea of returning to Eretz Israel even "by foot immigration". Contributors: Efraim Cohen, A. Axelrad, M. Kisineff (he enjoyed the Sadoveanu's friendship), M. Botoseneanu, Iehuda Maerson-Severin (expulsed, he settled in Geneva).

  • 1913-1915, 1919 - "Bar Kochba" magazine ("Fiul Stelei"), "Revista national-evreiasca", monthly, 16 pages, director Achile M. Finkelstein. In its opening speech, it is reaffirmed the fact that the orientation of the magazine is "in the sense of the modern Zionist ideas".

  • July 16, 1900 - the feminist magazine "Bas Ami" (editor Dr. Herscu Fridman), just one edition, published by the women immigrants; May 18, 1900 - "Jidovul ratacitor", four pages, published by "pedestrian Jewish immigrants"; 1900 - "Drumetii", Gross Typography; May 18-20, 1900 - "Emigrantii", "Lacrimi de despartire".

  • "Traiasca Romania", publication of the immigrants from Barlad; here contributed Barbu Lazareanu; "Sarja" (edited by Tucman) etc.

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    Culture, art, sport

    Among the personalities who gave and still give brightness to the culture and art in Barlad we mention:

  • Siegfried Volfingher, designer, landscaper, portrait painter, painter, well - known scene painter, he had an important involvement in realizing some exceptional performances.
  • Mr. Gorun remembers - a respected contributor to our magazine: in Barlad there were, between 1936-1937, three Schwartz. Ilie: he worked at a timber warehouse. He had one passion: he liked to read. He was a true encyclopedia in history problems. They say that, with the occasion of a press conference, he corrected the great Nicolae Iorga.MARCU: he was an accountant, librarian, publicist and most of all he was well-known for his famous bookshop "Mina si Marcu Schwartz". The newspaper titled "Pareri" is renowned as one of the best in Moldavia. At his bookshop there were literary discussions and verses were recited. Herman: who didn't know his position? Herman followed a different path. He attended a commercial school and he was an active militant against Hitlerism. He amazed us with his political knowledge and with his brave activity, in the face of the legionary police and the crimes committed by the security forces. He was a correct and modest man.
  • Barbu Zaharescu (Bercu Zukerman) - economist with some reputation between ‘50 -'80, distinguishing himself through erudition and moderation in a time not at all favorable for promoting the scientific truth in social sciences. Professor of political economy at the University of Bucharest, he was also a corresponding member of the Academy. Author of some scientific and didactic works on theoretical economy and of some lectures on the history of the political economy, he was professor for many economists active today.
  • Paul Pruteanu (Pincu Solomonovici, 1908 -1966) - researcher in the past of the Moldavian medicine. "He directed the reform on local level for the unification of the hospitals, with policlinics and with medical-sanitary circumscriptions…" (Gh. Bratescu). Theoretician of the sanitary organizing, historiographer, he published the monograph "Iacob Cihac", the work "Contributie la istoricul spitalelor din Moldova" etc.
  • David Solomonovici - painter. He attended the lyceum in Barlad. He used to sign Solot. He died in Paris.
  • Solomon Weinberg - he was born in Barlad, in 1930. Full professor at the University of Bucharest, the department for Russian philology. He was a permanent contributor to the magazine "Realitatea Evreiasca".
  • Typographies:
  • Sportsmen: In Barlad also functioned a "Macabi" association.
  • Solomon Dascalu - football player, referee (the mentor of the great international referee Nicolae Rainea);
  • Zissu Dascalu - football player;
  • Leon Melicson - goalkeeper;
  • Meie Hermelin - football player;
  • Haim Nadler - football player;
  • Puiu Rapaport - coach, ex-director at F.C. Arges;
  • Puiu Rozner - football player.

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    A. AXELRAD (1879-1963)

    He was born in Barlad. He edited, in 1900, the "Aurora" weekly. He edited publications for the popularization of science ("Minunile naturii", "Oameni si idei"), lyric volumes: "Avere de evreu pribeag/Dureri inabusite", comprehensive and studies, about culture, science and the economic situation in the country (see R.E., no. 98).
    "I've inherited only this: / The Jewish pain! / And day by day it grown bigger / The fortune of our ancestors". (From "Ladita cu necazuri")

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    FELIX ADERCA (1891-1962)

    He was born in Tutova County, which had its residence in Barlad until 1950. The people of Barlad remember this fact with legit pride, and also the fact that the library in Puiesti bears his name.

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    I. SCHECHTER

    Editor for "Viata noastra" and editor-in-chief for "Izvoare", first editor at "Ultima ora". He was laureate of the Zion Price for literature. He was member of the Association of the Israeli Writers of Romanian Language. "The satire doesn't correct the customs, but it denounces them and makes fun of them… the villains are incurable". … Here are their "Ten Commandments"…

    Ten Commandments

    I.Do not kill continuously.
    II.Do not steal in all foolishness.
    III.Do not endorse.
    IV.Be watchful in your sleep.
    V.Do not regret the crimes before committing them.
    VI.Do not be afraid to compromise yourself.
    VII.Be what you seem.
    VIII.Do otherwise.
    IX.Honor the ones who pay for it.
    X.Kiss yourself.

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    Radu Nichita Rapaport

    He was born in 1926, in Barlad. He translated several important plays as "The Storm" ("Furtuna") by Shakespeare, "Two on a rocking chair" ("Doi pe un balansoar"), "After the fall ("Dupa cadere"); he also was the the literary secretary for the Teatrul Mic. He passed away in 1979

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    VIRGIL DUDA (Leibovici Rubin)

    He was a recognized novelist in Romania. "For me (Barlad) was, in a way, the center of the universe". He was born in Barlad, in 1939. In 1988, he makes Alia. He was laureate of the 1992 prize for literature rewarded by "Arcadia" club. He was editor of the "Ultima ora" newspaper. He was also vice-president of the Association of the Israeli Writers of Romanian Language. His debut volume, "Anchetatorul apatic" (stories), novels - "Deruta", "Al doilea pasaj" etc. - published in Romania before 1988.

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    LUCIAN RAICU (Leibovici Bernard)

    He was the brother of Virgil Duda. He was born in Iasi. He attended the lyceum in Barlad. He settled in France. He was a scrupulously careful analyst, with pertinent observations, subtle and full of critical finesse. He is ex-editor of "Gazeta literara" and "Romania literara". He is one of the most revered literary critics of his generation. Works: the essay "Liviu Rebreanu", a scrupulously careful analysis of his novels; "Critica - forma de viata", "Gogol sau fantasticul banalitatii" etc.

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    MIRCEA GORUN (Marcu Grunberg)

    He came from Barlad. In 1987 he makes Alia. His occupation was typographer. He is the father of the poetess Irina Gorun Bercovici (z.l.) - mathematician, especially appreciated by Grigore Moisil. From his unlimited love for literature, he created the mini-magazine "Pro si contra", "Caiete literare Menora", the emotional "Mape de grafica", in which included some of the most beautiful literary creations.

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    I. M. STEFAN (Sragher Alexandru Sergiu)

    He was the son of an agronomist, a man of culture, writer, and historian of sciences; through the volume "Scurta istorie a creatiei stiintifice si tehnice romanesti" (together with Edmond Nicolau) he popularized the Romanian scientists, but also in other scientific works, and writings about the history of science, the social history and futurology. In this spirit, he offered conferences about "Stiinta iudaica antica si medievala", "Personalitati evreiesti in stiinta si tehnica din Romania" etc. The first S.F. novel is due to I. M. Stefan and Radu Nor.

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    MARCEL SARAGEA (1914-1998)

    He was born in Barlad. He is the creator of the classes in physiotherapeutic pathology ever thought in Romania. All the things created by Prof. Dr. Doc. Marcel Saragea (z.l.) was for the ones to whom he worked with devotion and love: his family, his students, his patients, his friends and colleagues, but first of all the Jewish community he was part of and also for Romania. He attended the lyceum in Barlad, and then the Faculty of Medicine in Bucharest, where he specialized in physiotherapeutic pathology. He was a professor, chief of the first department of physiotherapeutic pathology in the country at I.M.F., deputy minister for health. From 1977, he involves very deeply in the community life, becoming the first director of the newly established home "Amalia si Sef Rabin dr. Moses Rosen", "a home developed by him, guided by him, which attended with devotion…", underlined the academic Nicolae Cajal. He is author of numerous specialized works, among them we mention "Tratatul de Fiziopatologie" in four volumes, which would bring him the prize of the Romanian Academy; he was an honorary member of the Academy for Medical Sciences.

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    IULIA DELEANU

    Iulia Deleanu and E. Suhor - two "twined" signatures of a remarkable publicist, capable to differentiate herself without any effort, to substitute, to reintegrate in an unique identity and to become the journalist with the most articles, features, chronicles and interesting interviews published in the 20 years since Iulia Schwartz, the daughter of Barlad, began to work, immediately after finishing her studies, at "Revista Cultului Mozaic" and to "cover", through her writings, entire pages of the magazine. Among the columns that resisted in time we mention "Introspectii. Biografii. Confesiuni" - texts united in the volume "Cu sufletul deschis", collection of literary portraits and conversations with over 60 Jewish personalities, a first part of a trilogy from whom the second volume, "Firul invizibil", is in preparation.

    (Pages edited by Evelin Fonea)

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